Dilemmas in Testing: When Accommodations Requests and Measurement Standards Collide

Author: Ruth Loew

Ruth Loew is the Assistant Director of the ETS Office of Disability Policy. She earned a B.A. in Linguistics from Brown University, an M.A. in Education of the Hearing Impaired from Northwestern University, and a Ph.D. in Linguistics from the University of Minnesota, focusing on the structure and acquisition of American Sign Language. She has taught English at the National Technical Institute for the Deaf in Rochester, New York. Her responsibilities at ETS include consultation on ensuring that tests, websites, and other materials are accessible to individuals with disabilities; creating policies and procedures for requesting accommodations and documenting disabilities; advising on appropriate accommodations for test takers with hearing loss or visual impairments; participating in test-accessibility research; and training ETS staff on disability issues.